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Civil engineering deals with the planning, design, and execution of public infrastructure construction. A civil engineer helps create new structures, and improve, transform and modernize existing infrastructure to meet present requirements. A course in civil engineering is vast and allows students to understand the various concepts of the subject while also giving them some hands-on experience. Each semester of the course is designed to help students gain knowledge on a variety of topics. Keep reading to discover some of the most important civil engineering subjects in this blog!
The first step towards any new civil engineering project is surveying. It is an essential skill, wherein you will learn to recognize the methods of surveying and its fundamentals. This civil engineering subject revolves primarily around measurements, planning, sections, and maps.
2. Geotechnical engineering
Geotechnical engineering is another important civil engineering subject and is usually taught in the fourth semester. It mostly involves defining the soil’s deformation properties and strength. The subject covers topics such as rock and soil mechanics, geophysics, and more. Through it, you will learn how to gather and interpret the physical properties of the ground for construction and building.
3. Structural engineering
This particular subject of engineering involves the design and analysis of structures with precision. It is a major subject of civil engineering and is based on physical and legal guidelines, as well as empirical information. Structural engineering helps you construct complicated structural systems that can resist and support-imposed loads and self-weight. It teaches you how to design structures, while taking into consideration several external factors, such as earthquakes, wind, etc.
4. Transportation engineering
The construction of infrastructures such as dams, bridges, buildings, and highways is also a part of civil engineers’ specialization. This civil engineering subject majorly focuses on the planning, design, operation, and preservation of transportation structures. Like roadways, railways, waterways, and intermodal operations. Transportation engineers also ensure that the transportation systems they build are secure and environment-friendly.
5. Environmental engineering
This branch of civil engineering helps defend the planet from the effects of harmful human activity, such as water or noise pollution, ozone depletion, etc. It works towards ensuring better environmental quality. Some of the systems environment specialists deal with include waste disposal, recycling, air and water pollution control, and public health. Environmental engineering is a challenging subject, with issues in several cities, large-scale farming, and manufacturing cropping up, and humans having already degraded the air and soil quality.
6. Irrigation engineering
This subject gives you in-depth knowledge about irrigation and agriculture. This includes analyzing the effectiveness of several devices and studying their benefits and disadvantages. The subject also teaches you about controlling and harnessing a variety of natural water sources. As an irrigation engineer, you must learn how to churn out new ideas and promote new technologies that can be utilized for irrigation practices. Irrigation engineering helps you identify the future of irrigation and determine its effects on the agriculture field.
7. Building materials
The materials used for construction purposes are called building materials. These are usually wood, clay, sand, and rocks. The study of manufacturing of building materials is critical in civil engineering. The subject also includes studying the strength of these building materials. For instance, how much stress and strain they are able to face.
8. Structural analysis
This civil engineering subject teaches you how to design shapes while making sure what you create is environmentally-friendly and stable. You will also learn how make sure that the deformations due to load in a structure don’t go below the permissible limits, and that the failure of shape does not occur.
How many subjects are in civil engineering?
There are more than 50 subjects in civil engineering, along with many other sub-branches. Civil engineering has an immense scope in both the private and public sectors. You can find recruitment in various sectors, such as major multinationals and even the defense or military services!
Other civil engineering subjects taught are as follows-
- Engineering Chemistry
- Programing and data structure
- Problem solving
- IT and CAD
- Foundation engineering
- Engineering Graphics
- Fluid Mechanics
- Concrete Technology
- Industrial training
- Project Management
- Engineering Economics
Top 5 universities for civil engineering
Some of the most popular universities for civil engineering in the world are listed below-
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- University of Cambridge
- Stanford University
- University of Melbourne
- University of Tokyo
- In a technologically advanced world, civil engineering graduates have several opportunities.
- However, it is important to focus on finding new ways to meet the sustainable and technologically efficient demands of the market.
- Increasing research and development of various technologies offers new and better materials as well as smarter design structures.
- The future of the civil engineering sector is expected to see a blend of artificial intelligence, augmented reality, sustainable designs, and building information modelling. Therefore, it is imperative that aspirants are abreast with new developments and trends in the field.
Q1. Does a civil engineering student need training?
Answer – The need for training depends on the profession you plan to choose. Civil engineering requires field study, and training yourself for that can be very helpful. For a career in consultancy and design structures, you must opt for field training.
Q2. Is math a compulsory civil engineering subject?
Answer – Yes, one cannot do civil engineering without mathematics. You must have knowledge about mathematics and physics to pursue this course.
Q3. Which country is the best for civil engineering jobs abroad?
Answer – This is an extremely lucrative field and there are ample opportunities everywhere in the world. Some of the popular jobs may be available in Canada, Germany, Japan, and China.
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