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Water is one of the most critical elements in existence. Natural and artificial activity both degrade water. Water contamination has become a severe environmental issue and a danger to human survival. That makes it a subject worth writing about. Check out the blog to know more about the contents and structure of a water pollution essay.
How to write an essay on water pollution?
To ensure that the readers stick to the essay till the end, it needs to have a good flow. The first step is to determine the structure of your essay. Your essay can be bifurcated into sub-headings such as –
- The introduction
- Water pollution facts
- Causes of water pollution
- Types of water pollutants
- Water pollution affects
- How to reduce water pollution
Yet another factor that can ensure the essay continues to be interesting to the readers is to include authentic facts regarding the current state of water pollution.
As water pollution is a vast topic, it is important to ensure to not beat around the bush throughout your essay. Stick to the concrete points that keep the reader engaged while reading the essay.
We’ve listed all the above points below and expanded on what you should cover in your essay.
Introduction to water pollution
About 71% of the world’s surface is covered with water.
Surface water often contains a modest quantity of suspended organic and inorganic particles, as well as a variety of microorganisms such as bacteria, algae, viruses, protozoans, and even higher species. As a matter of fact, water becomes contaminated when the concentration of these compounds rises.
Even at low concentrations, several toxins and diseases harm the water. All in all, silt, clay, animal feces, minerals, and other contaminants pollute natural water.
All these reasons make it crucial for every individual and government to understand the importance of keeping water pollution at bay.
Water pollution facts
You can add the below-mentioned facts to your water pollution essay
- Around 70% of all industrial waste is thrown into water bodies
- Domestic sewage is responsible for over 80% of water contamination.
- As a matter of fact, contaminated water can cause dangerous illnesses including cholera and diarrhea.
- Every year, billions of pounds of plastic waste are dumped into the oceans.
- Around 15 million children worldwide die as a result of water contamination.
- A total of 2.5 billion people lack access to safe drinking water.
- Asia has the most polluted rivers compared to any other continent.
- Plastic is a major contributor to the extinction of some aquatic species.
Causes of water pollution essay
Here’s how to write an essay on the causes of water pollution –
Various human activities and developmental factors contribute to water contamination. The release of untreated waste into water, which affects both surface and groundwater, is one of the human activities that pollute water bodies. Agricultural chemicals that end up spilling into water sources are another human activity that contributes to water pollution. The majority of the causes of water contamination are due to uncontrolled enterprises whose operations and waste management techniques are left unmonitored.
Types of water pollutants
#1. Groundwater pollution
Pollutants in water can disrupt ecosystems and harm plants and animals that live there. Groundwater pollution occurs because of a lack of environmental awareness.
In addition, water pollution has been linked to an increased risk of cancer, respiratory and skin disorders, impairments, and heart disease.
#2. Microbiological pollution
Unlike the majority of the others on this list, Microbiological pollution is a naturally occurring water contamination. Bacteria, protozoa, and viruses can contaminate water sources, resulting in illnesses like bilharzia and cholera. Humans are particularly vulnerable to this type of contamination in areas where proper water treatment facilities are lacking.
#3. Chemical pollution
The most prevalent form of water pollution is chemicals. Both surface and subsurface water bodies are affected. The major cause is industrial and agricultural operations.
As a matter of fact, industrial solvents and metals can contaminate rivers and lakes. The use of pesticides to manage weeds, insects, and fungus on farms is another source of soil pollution. Petroleum spills also cause chemical pollution.
Water pollution affects essay
Here’s how to write an essay on the effects of water pollution –
Water contamination has a wide range of consequences. The most typical outcome is a decrease in the water’s natural oxygen concentration, making it more difficult for aquatic species to thrive. Because fish and coral demand high amounts of oxygen, their populations may fall.
Water contamination is a significant environmental issue with several consequences. Plants, animals, humans, and all other living things die as a result of water pollution. Toxins may also result in killing fish and animals, making it more difficult for species to live.
Pollutants in water may sometimes cause an ecosystem to become unbalanced, severely impacting the plants and animals that live there. This occurs as a result of a lack of environmental awareness.
How to reduce water pollution essay
Here’s how to write an essay on reducing water pollution –
Water contamination is a serious hazard to the environment and life itself. The dumping of industrial pollutants directly into water bodies and watershed regions without sufficient treatment is the leading source of water pollution. These hazardous substances are consumed by aquatic organisms, posing a serious threat to the ecology.
In addition, the indiscriminate use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture contributes to water pollution. The health of humans and animals who drink water from these contaminated rivers and lakes is harmed.
All in all, contaminated water resources serve as a breeding ground for bacteria and a source of waterborne illnesses and epidemics, including typhoid, diarrhea, and cholera.
What we have to say
Water contamination is a significant hazard to both the ecosystem and the survival of species. As a matter of fact, it impacts everyone and has a significant negative impact on ecological equilibrium.
It is high time for the world to take action on the issue and eliminate the threat of water contamination by adopting the required precautions. Such dire circumstances require us to act now and address the lingering issues at hand.
We hope that the above-mentioned contents have helped draft your water pollution essay. You can start working by creating a structure and the contents of the blog.
If you want more information or want to share your thoughts with us, comment below!
Liked this blog? Then read our blog on Global warming essay | Create the best essay with these 10 pointers!
Q1. What is a water cycle?
Answer – In nature, the water cycle is a constant natural activity. It is the process through which water from oceans, seas, and lakes evaporates and becomes vapor. It then proceeds through the condensation process before becoming precipitation and falling back to Earth as rain or snow.
Q2. Name one of the few organizations that work to protect and eliminate water pollution.
Answer – The Nature Conservancy is an organization that works towards protecting rivers, lakes, and natural lands in 30 countries.
Q3. How is water pollution a breach of human rights?
Answer – Filthy water is certainly a human rights violation because it is generating severe problems for the inhabitants. Human waste is another cause of pollution that makes it impossible for humans to use these resources for water.