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Science subjects help students with an in-depth understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological components in the science subject, but they also help them develop analytical and problem-solving skills. The disciplines aids in the comprehension of the natural and manmade processes in the world. While science is an imperative choice for students who wish to make a career in the field, it can also be a great choice for those who are not so sure of their career paths. Science is diverse and does not restrict students to any one area of study. However, it is important to understand what the what the science stream subjects are and whether they will be a good fit for you.
Check out the top 5 science stream subjects to know what each one comprises of and the scope it offers.
Physics studies the science of matter, motion, force and energy, and it is one of the world’s oldest academic areas. Further studies in physics, such as the study of electromagnetic, thermodynamics, mechanics, nuclear physics, and solid-state physics, enable technological improvements and speed up innovation. Physics at grades 11 and 12 will aid in the development of observational, analytical, investigative, and decision-making skills, as well as conceptual comprehension, creative thinking, and problem-solving abilities.
Some of topics you will learn in Physics at the high school level include –
- Motion’s Laws
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Electronic gadgets
Working as a physicist, astronaut, data scientist, technician, or engineer are just a few of the job opportunities accessible after studying physics.
Chemistry is the study of atoms and matter, which are the building blocks of life. This science stream course covers the characteristics, composition, and structure of matter in great detail. Biomolecules, synthetic materials, industrial chemistry, and natural resources are some of the new disciplines of chemistry that have emerged as a result of technological advancements. To make topics easier to understand, the theoretical notions are supplemented with practical experiments. The studies address numerous ideas through themes including surface chemistry, atomic structure, chemical kinetics, and chemical bonding, with organic and inorganic chemistry as the primary sub-divisions.
Some of the career opportunities in the field of chemistry include –
- Research and development
- Forensic expert
- Chemical Engineer
Biology is study of life forms and at grades 11 and 12 it focuses on establishing a solid conceptual foundation while also tying the subject to real-world technology, agriculture, health, and industry. Following are some of the subjects you will study –
- Plants and Animals’ Structural Organization
- Structure and Function of the Cell
- Physiology of Plants
- Physiology of the Human
- Evolution and Genetics
- Applications of Biotechnology
Biology offers a plethora of options post graduation. Apart from medicine, you can work in biotechnology, dentistry, veterinary science, pharmaceuticals, botany, zoology, marine biology, genetics, bioinformatics, microbiology, and other fields.
Mathematics, generally known as the study of numbers, is a subject that conveys information and clarifies notions of amount, structure, and space. This course covers calculus, mathematical reasoning, algebra, probability, and linear programming, among other topics. The scope in the Mathematics field include –
- Market researcher
- Mathematics professor and other job profiles
Computer Science is another popular Science stream topic, especially among students who intend to study Engineering or work in technological sectors. The Computer Science course focuses on a specific language, such as C++, C, JAVA, Python, and so on. The language is taught to students over two years, going from beginning to intermediate. Towards the end of the course, you will be required to deliver a working code as a project.
The scope for computer science students include –
- Data warehouse analyst
- Research analyst
- Data scientist
- Web developer
- Computer programmer
Optional science stream subjects
If you do not do well in either of the primary courses, you might apply for admission based on the extra subject’s grades. The additional subjects in the science stream are offered in multiple institutes. In both the non-medical and medical fields, physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology are mandatory subjects. Students can choose from the following optional subjects in the science stream –
The Subject is usually a part of the commerce stream, but it is also a popular elective in the science stream. Economics covers topics such as national GDP, national incomes, micro and macroeconomics, demand and supply chains, and so on. Economics is an excellent choice for a science stream subject.
2. Home science
Home science is concerned with topics such as child development, family nutrition, communication, resource management, and so on, to improve the human environment. Hence, home science turns out to be a simpler alternative for a science stream subject. With multiple specializations to choose from, home science offers a broad range of fields.
In recent years, psychology, which is defined as the study of the mind, has surged in popularity since people have grown to value the importance of mental health too.
The initial years of study will allow you to learn the essential ideas and principles of the field, such as emotions, personality, and intellect. The concepts get more advanced in the following years.
4. Physical education
Another popular alternative to the science stream subject is physical education which is both scoring and useful to your physical activity. The subject in the initial years teaches about physiology, physical fitness, a variety of sports, and yoga.
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Q1. What are the best-paying science jobs?
Answer – Some of the best-paying science jobs are of a physicist, computer research scientist and a biochemist or a biophysicist.
Q2. What are the benefits of opting for the subjects under the science stream?
Answer – Along with practical problem solving, science helps you develop new technology, and make better-informed decisions.
Q3. What are some of the professional courses for science students?
Answer – M.B.B.S, BCA, B.Tech, BDS, and B.Sc are some of the professional courses for science students.