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IT stands for information technology. It refers to the immense sector that has become an integral part of life and business today. Even if you don’t fully understand what information technology is, you have certainly interacted with it in one way or another. From computers and servers to mobile apps, software, and data analysis, IT is a fundamental backbone of society. If you’re interested in this field, you’ll be excited to note that not only is this sector one of the best paying, it is also a high-demand, steady growth part of the economy.
Let’s learn a bit about IT field jobs and the sector as a whole before we go through our list of the six best IT jobs for freshers in 2022-
What is information technology?
While humans have been creating information since ancient times, the modern use of the word is closely tied to electronic information. IT deals with the creation, processing, storing, and distribution of information electronically through the use of systems, networks, and computers. Information technology includes hardware systems (servers, computer networks, cellphones); as well as software systems (the internet, data analysis and storage, cloud computing, software development).
6 best IT jobs for freshers
In this list, we will go over some of the top fields within the IT sector for freshers as well as a few of the highest paying IT jobs to aim for.
1. Artificial Intelligence
Machine learning and artificial intelligence are exploding, with heavier reliance on AI to run processes, analyze data, and perform various repetitive tasks. AI promises that it can take over a multitude of processes and services that humans traditionally performed. Artificial intelligence is still in the development stage, with many companies and businesses still researching ways to create better AI and the most effective applications for it.
Artificial intelligence involves math, algorithms, machine learning, data training, image and language recognition, and processing, among other things. This is one of the newer IT jobs for freshers and has the potential to disrupt the future of technology.
- Average salary in Artificial Intelligence in the USA: $125,000
2. Data Scientist/Analyst
As the world moves closer and closer to a more digital society, companies worldwide are making the most of all the additional data and information available. But the problem is that there is simply too much data. From videos and photos to shopping preferences and online habits, businesses need to make sense of the data they collect. That’s where data scientists and analysts come in; they help design systems and programs for collecting and understanding data while also spotting trends and valuable information within humongous data points.
Businesses can use these valuable data insights to make decisions while ignoring irrelevant information. With ever-increasing amounts of data, this is becoming one of the most popular jobs in IT companies for freshers.
- Average salary of Data Scientist in the USA: $97,051
- Average salary of Data Analyst in the USA: $62,559
3. Software Developer/ Web Developer
While these two IT jobs are not the same, they are similar in the products they create. Software developers create desktop, industrial and mobile software for the end-user. Web developers are similar; they create and maintain websites, web apps, and browser tools for businesses and public users. Software and web applications are used every day by almost everyone in some form or another.
From your favorite social media site to your calculator app to the operating system on your phone, it’s all software. For a fresher, this may be one of the most accessible IT jobs to recommend due to this market’s sheer size and demand. Keep in mind; salaries will only get higher the more experience you gain. You also need to be proficient in the relevant development languages, whether it’s C++, Java, Python, or React.
- Average salary of Software Engineer in the USA: $88,352
- Average salary of Web Developer in the USA: $60,457
4. Computer Scientist
Computer Scientists research and develop novel and exciting ways to use hardware and software, pushing the boundaries of technology. These roles are often tied to critical technology development, whether in a research setting or guiding product development. Nevertheless, businesses are constantly on the lookout for new, better technology (in software or hardware), from better processors and faster wireless communication to effective data management.
Computer research scientists work in this field, discovering thrilling processes, systems, and technologies that can be further developed for use in the real world. If you’re looking for something truly cutting edge, this is among the best jobs in an IT company that you’ll find.
- Average salary of Computer and Information Scientist in the USA: $109,000
- Average salary of Computer Research Scientist in the USA: $120,000
Apart from the above jobs in IT that are easier for freshers to break into, there are plenty of other jobs that you can aspire to. Many of these require additional qualifications and skills. These may include skills like proficiency with mathematical concepts and algorithms, managing people, and coordinating between departments. While entering these fields as a fresher requires hard work, you’ll have an easier time getting the following jobs after first gaining the experience and necessary skills.
5. Database Architect/ Administrator
These professionals create the data storage systems and processes of businesses. They also help businesses access and make better use of their collected data while ensuring the data is safe, and all protocols are followed. Database administrators maintain these systems while continually helping the business to use their data well.
These job roles often involve managing other technical staff while communicating with non-technical staff like managers and end-users. Although many database managers and data architects work in the data center and cloud fields, most major businesses will need these roles to support their internal IT departments.
- Average salary of Data Architect in the USA: $122,739
- Average salary of Database Administrator in the USA: $73,733
6. DevOps Engineer
DevOps Engineers are the people who unite developers and IT operators to ensure the smooth running of software and apps. Whether it’s a data management software or a popular social media app, developers are constantly improving and modifying the software. This may improve user experience, reduce the lag in processes or overhaul the entire system. On the other hand, the IT operations department ensures that things stay stable for the end-user and everything runs smoothly.
A DevOps engineer uses automation, workflow management, and critical thinking to manage app maintenance, management, development, and coding to ensure both sides are running smoothly. This is one of the jobs in IT that may require more experience since you’ll need to understand development culture as well as work with multiple departments.
- Average salary DevOps Engineer in the USA: $97,168
First, you’ll need to take a closer look at each of the above fields and see whether any of these are interesting to you. There are plenty of other sectors and IT jobs you could look into; including Big Data, Information Security, Cloud Architect, Systems Engineer, and many more. After you’ve decided the target job you want to build your career in, you can prepare a plan of action to get there. This may include completing your education, getting certified, and undergoing internships or industry training.
Another thing you can do is speak with people you know who are already in the field you want to enter. If possible, try learning a few languages and software systems to see what it’s like working with them. There’s nothing like real-world advice to help you make your decision.
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Q1. Do IT jobs pay well?
Answer – Yes, jobs in IT have among the highest paying salaries due to both the high demand for these jobs and the level of technical skill required to excel in this field. On average, IT professionals can expect to earn between $49,300 and $155,000 in the USA. Freshers can expect to start at the low-end of that scale, while experienced IT professionals can earn much higher amounts. Experienced IT professionals working in tech-forward companies may even earn upwards of 7 figures per year.
Q2. Which is better, the IT field or the medical field?
Answer – If you are proficient at math and science during your senior year of school, you may be undecided between IT and medicine. Both have their pros and cons. However, these fields are vastly different in their subject matter, study duration, and work scope. It’s not possible to say that one is ‘better’ than the other, the top option will be the one that suits you best. The best way to help you decide is to speak to people you know (from both fields) and learn a bit about the education process for either option.
Q3. What skills do you need to succeed in IT jobs?
Answer – IT jobs require the same amount of dedication and hard work that most jobs require, but here are a few additional skills that will come in handy-
- Agility – be able to adapt to new issues and technical systems
- Creativity – be able to find novel solutions and fixes for problems
- Eye for detail – be able to spot errors or potential errors in advance
- Technical affinity- be comfortable and excel in the technical side of things (whether it’s math or a programming language)