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Physical features of India | All you need to know about the beauty of India
India is the seventh-largest country and the second-most populous country in the world in 2022. With over a billion people, India is home to nearly 17% of the global population. It is also considered one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.
The physical features of India include a diverse landscape that includes northern plains, deserts, hills, mountains, and forests. The Himalayas run along its northern border and form a natural barrier between India and China. The Hindu Kush separates India from Afghanistan to its northwest.
India also has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including-
- Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
- Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
- Kaziranga National Park, Assam
- Gir Forest National Park, Gujarat
- Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujrat
What Are The Best Physical Features Of India?
The mountain ranges, plains, valleys, rivers, and islands all make up the physical features of India. Let us understand them in great detail.
The Himalayan Mountain Range
The Himalayan mountain range is one of the world’s most majestic and awe-inspiring physical features in India. The mountains are home to many beautiful plants and animals but can also be dangerous.
The Himalayas are home to some of the tallest mountains in the world: Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, and Nanda Devi. They are also home to some of the most deadly animals on Earth: bears, tigers, and leopards.
The Himalayas were named after the Hindu god Himalaya by British explorer George Everest. The mountains run from Afghanistan through Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet before ending in Myanmar (Burma).
The Northern Plains
The Northern Plains, also known as the Indo-Gangetic Plain, covers most of northern India. The plain extends from the Himalayas north to the Vindhya Range in central India. This area is also home to many cities with high populations, such as New Delhi and Lucknow, and is one of the oldest physical features of India.
The Indo-Gangetic Northern Plain is an important agricultural area because it has heavy rainfall during the monsoon season (July through September). As a result, the soil here is rich with nutrients that help crops grow quickly and produce abundant yields yearly without requiring much additional investment from farmers or other stakeholders involved in agricultural production processes (such as seed companies).
The Indian Desert is the world’s 17th largest desert, covering about one-third of India’s land mass. The desert is home to many types of wildlife, including camels, wolves, jackals, and foxes. But it is also home to one of the unique plants on Earth: the baobab tree.
The baobab tree has a thick trunk that can grow over 75 feet tall and just as wide at its base. The tree stores water inside its trunk for long periods to survive without rain or other water sources. It also has deep roots that extend down into the ground, where they find moisture deep below the surface where other trees cannot reach it.
The Peninsular Plateau region in India is the most notable feature. Consisting of a vast, flat tableland with a central spine running north and south, it contains most of the country’s people and natural resources. The plateau map is bordered by the Aravalli Hills to the west, the Thar Desert to the north, and the Eastern Ghats to the east.
The plateau map contains fertile plains and large rivers like the Narmada, Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Tapti, and Mahanadi. These rivers flow north to south into peninsular India’s many lakes and estuaries.
Coastal Plains And Islands
India’s coastal plains and islands are among the most beautiful places in the world. The coasts are dotted with hundreds of islands, most of which are uninhabited. As a result, the beaches are some of the cleanest in the world and are often visited by tourists who want to escape it all. The Andaman Islands in the islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Lakshadweep Islands are the most well-known islands in India.
India being an agro-based country, rivers hold utmost importance. It plays a significant role as a physical feature of the country, given its contribution to biodiversity. Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Godavari, and Kaveri are some of the most prominent rivers in India.
Sanctuaries, on the other hand, provide shelter to animals like tigers and leopards, which are endangered species. In addition, sanctuaries are also popular tourist spots where people from all over the world come to visit them and see these beautiful animals in their natural habitat.
The physical features of India are among the best salient features of world physical geography, making it rich in terms of natural resources. With a long coastline, beautiful beaches, deserts, jungles, wildlife reserves, and glaciers, India is one of the world’s most diverse countries. For more insightful blogs like so, visit the iSchoolConnect website now!
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Q1. What are physical features?
Answer – India is a land of diverse physical features. India has something for everyone, from its sandy beaches to the snow-capped Himalayas and coastal plains and islands.
Q2. Why are the physical features of India considered as important?
Answer – The physical features of India are considered essential because they directly impact the country’s economic growth. It helps in trade, agriculture, and other mining activities.
Q3. Which is the newest physical feature of India?
Answer – The Himalayas and the northern plains are the most recent landforms in India.