SAT Exam 2022: Eligibility, Syllabus, Test Preparation & Results

SAT Exam 2022: Fees, Registration, Syllabus, Results & Scores

Updated on Sep 6, 2022

SAT exam pattern comprises two major sections – Evidence-based Reading and Writing (EBRW) and Math and an optional essay. EBRW and Math are both graded on a scale of 200 to 800.

Both EBRW and Math are graded on a scale of 200 to 800 points. A handful of institutions require a SAT essay score during the application process, even if it is optional. The SAT Essay portion has a score range of 2 to 8, with a score of 2 being the lowest and 8 being the highest. However, from January 19th, 2021, the CollegeBoard announced that it would stop offering the optional SAT Essay after June 2021.

Number of sections

4 (2 EBRW; 2 Math)

Duration of exam

180 minutes (without Essay)

Number of questions


Score Range


Language of paper


Mode of examination


Negative marking


The two primary areas of the SAT question paper are evidence-based reading and writing and mathematics. Candidates can choose to participate in an optional essay session.





Score Range

Evidence-based Reading and Writing

Reading Test

Writing and Language Test







Math without a Calculator

Math with Calculator







(155 with Essay)


(230 with Essay)


Table of Contents

1 Highlights

1. Multiple-choice questions appear in both portions of the EBRW questions.

2. Math is divided into two sections: one that can be completed without a calculator and one that can be completed using a calculator.

3. The majority of the Mathematics problems are multiple-choice; however, some are grid-ins, which require candidates to solve and fill in the solution on a bubble sheet.

4. The exam lasts three hours. 

5. EBRW has a time limit of 100 minutes and Math has a time limit of 80 minutes.

2 SAT (Evidence-Based Reading and Writing)

The SAT EBRW exam pattern includes reading and writing portions.

Reading Section of the SAT.

  • In 65 minutes, you must answer 52 multiple choice questions from 5 passages.
  • One literary passage from a work of fiction, such as a short story or a novel, written in the United States or elsewhere.
  • One or two paragraphs from the United States' founding documents or the Great Global Conversation on freedom, justice, and human dignity.
  • A selection of economics, psychology, sociology, and other passages.
  • Two passages from a scientific paper.
  • Students must read the passage and respond to the question by giving a story, arguing, or describing a study or experiment.

3 Types of Questions

SAT EBRW questions are divided into five categories:

Command and evidence: Command of evidence questions make for ten of the SAT reading questions. These questions assess your ability to read facts provided in visuals, analyze evidence, link text and graphics, and comprehend the author's use of evidence.

Information and Ideas: This question type focuses on discovering direct or inferred information, locating passages that describe the material, analyzing primary topics, determining summarization, and examining linkages between ideas.

Rhetoric: Questions concerning the author's meaning, style, or tone are welcome. The word selection questions are more concerned with affect than with definition. Questions about text organization can be answered using structural tactics such as cause and effect or problem-solving procedures.

Synthesis: Questions asking to draw conclusions and make connections between two passages or between passages and informational graphs like tables, graphs, and charts, accompany some passages

Words in context: Words in context questions are a type of SAT question that focuses on advanced vocabulary. The focus should be on 'high-utility academic vocabulary and phrases,' according to the College Board.

The SAT Writing and Language Test

  • The SAT language and writing test have 44 multiple-choice questions in four passages that must be completed in 35 minutes.
  • Students must review and edit passages as part of this assignment.
  • Careers, science, humanities, history, and social science are just a few of the topics covered.
  • Narrative, argumentative, and informative/explanatory writing modes are all used in passage writing.
  • Each of the aforementioned writing modes has at least one paragraph.

The following are examples of SAT writing and language questions:

Expression of Idea: Improve the passage's structure, organization, and how the idea is conveyed, as well as the language's general effectiveness. The expression of ideas is aided by the organization. Applicants will be required to place a specific element of the passage in the appropriate location. This necessitates the use of cues from the passage. The purpose of development questions is to improve the passage by adding or removing content. Finally, effective language use emphasizes a document that is correct, accurate, and brief.

Standard English Conventions: The SAT writing and language exam emphasizes the application of Standard English standards such as agreement, conjugation, and word choice. The second point is a sentence structure that emphasizes the distinction between independent and dependent clauses, as well as the use of transitions and conjunctions.

4 SAT Mathematics

  • The SAT Math section comprises two sections: math with calculator and math without a calculator.
  • You'll have 80 minutes to answer 58 questions.
  • Questions with multiple choices account for 80% of the questions, whereas grid ins account for 20%.
  • In math with a calculator, there are 30 multiple choice questions and 8 grid-in problems.
  • In math without a calculator, there are 15 multiple choice questions and 5 grid-in problems.
  • You'll discover a collection of formulas and references at the start of the test.
  • This area is very important for those interested in science, technology, engineering, or math.
  • Questions are posed in real-life situations based on themes from science, social science, and career contexts.

Type of Questions

Questions in the math sections of the SAT paper pattern is divided into three categories:

  • Heart of Algebra: Algebraic equations such as linear equations and systems can be created, altered, and solved in a variety of ways.
  • Problem Solving and Data Analysis: Using ratios, percentages, and proportional reasoning, understand graphs and tables and solve issues in real-world settings.
  • Passport to Advanced Math: Complex mathematical equations and functions are worked on, modified, and solved.

The parts are primarily made up of questions from the above categories, but they also include questions from other math disciplines such as

  • Area and Volume
  • Coordinate Geometry
  • Basic Trigonometry

5 SAT Essay

  • Most institutions need the essay, which is optional but gives them a better understanding of a student's personality and thought process.
  • To take the Essay component, you must pay fees in addition to the standard SAT registration price.
  • Within 50 minutes, students must compose an essay on a specific topic based on a passage.
  • In these writings, students must evaluate and explain how the author used evidence, reasoning, and style features to persuade readers.
  • On a scale of 2 to 8, three separate scores are assigned.
  • The essay parts allow students to evaluate their abilities in the following areas:
    • Reading - how well the student understood the passage
    • Analysis - how well a student analyzed the passage's author's argument
    • Writing - the degree to which a student's reaction could be structured

Types of Questions

The essay passage in each SAT may differ, however, all passages contain the following points:

  • Written to appeal to a wide range of people.
  • Argue the point and make a case.
  • Subtle opinions on difficult topics are expressed.
  • To back up your claims, use logic and proof.
  • Investigate concepts, debates, or trends in the arts and sciences, as well as civic, cultural, and political life.
  • Always based on previously published material

6 FAQs

Q. Is the SAT exam difficult?

A. The SAT test contains a variety of questions ranging from easy to challenging. Easy questions are often answered correctly by 90% of students, while difficult questions are typically answered properly by less than 30% of students. The SAT exam pattern must be studied in order to determine whether the SAT is challenging or not. So, if you enjoy reading and are more interested in words, the Reading part will be a breeze for you. Similarly, you must comprehend the entire pattern to determine whether it is tough for you.

Q. What is the minimum SAT score for admission to Harvard?

As a result, there are no explicit SAT score requirements for admission to Harvard; however, test takers must have a score of at least 1460 in order for Harvard to consider them for admission.

Q. Does the SAT have negative marking?

A. In the previous version, candidates were marked negative for each incorrect answer; however, there is no negative marking in today's SAT test. As a result, you should try to respond to as many questions as possible.

Q. Is it possible to pass the SAT in one sitting?

A. The SAT test cannot be prepared for in a single day. If you are a smart student who excels in Math, Reading, and Writing and has a strong vocabulary, you will need time to learn the SA test pattern.

Q. How can I better my SAT score?

A. Identify your weak areas and, if possible, the reasons for them so you may work on them more effectively. Start working on your weak areas and provide practice exams on a regular basis so you don't lose your grip on other subjects. Maintain a time-bound approach to achieve your desired score. Also, determine if you need to adjust your method or study pattern, and if so, make the necessary changes.

Q. What is the highest SAT score ?

A. The greatest SAT score, or a perfect SAT score, is 1600. This score is only achieved by a small percentage of test takers.

Q. Is it necessary for me to bring a pencil to the SAT test?

A. For the SAT, you should carry at least two pencils and an eraser. At the test centre, test takers are not permitted to carry pens.

Q. Can a candidate use a calculator on the SAT exam?

A. For the Math calculator segment, candidates are permitted to carry a basic calculator.

SAT Exam guide

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